National disaster loss databases are crucial to producing and acting upon risk information that, in turn, advances appropriate policy making and risk governance. They also serve as basic mechanisms for reporting on the Sendai Framework targets. Data collection is pivotal to the comprehensive assessment of disaster impacts. Risk interpretation, with standardized loss data, can also provide loss forecasting data in referencing historical loss modelling.
This white paper describes standard framework and protocols for loss data collection systems that offer enhanced and accurate risk assessments. The paper also discusses identification of indicators in disaster loss estimation, outlining standards, and designing data collection and assessment procedures.