Author Archives: codata_blog

April 2023: Publications in the Data Science Journal

Title: How and Why Do Researchers Reference Data? A Study of Rhetorical Features and Functions of Data References in Academic Articles
Author: Sara Lafia, Andrea Thomer, Elizabeth Moss, David Bleckley, Libby Hemphill
URL: http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2023-010
Title: Improving NASA’s Earth Satellite and Model Data Discoverability for Interdisciplinary Research, Applications, and Education
Author: Zhong Liu, Chung-Lin Shie, Suhung Shen, James Acker, Angela Li, Jennifer C. Wei, David J. Meyer
URL: http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2023-009
Title: From Meaningful Data Science to Impactful Decisions: The Importance of Being Causally Prescriptive
Author: Victor S. Y. Lo, Dessislava A. Pachamanova
URL: http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2023-008
Title: Looking Back to the Future: A Glimpse at Twenty Years of Data Science
Author: Lili Zhang
URL: http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2023-007
Title: Attending to the Cultures of Data Science Work
Author: Lindsay Poirier
URL: http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2023-006

Disaster Risk Reduction and Open Data Newsletter: March 2023 Edition

National Mapping Efforts Support Government at All Levels
Efforts to map data at a national level can help state and local government agencies better serve constituents — especially where health and safety are concerned. One such effort is a place-based tool from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), known as the Environmental Justice Index (EJI), which went live in August of 2022.

XDI releases world-first comparison of every state’s physical climate risk 
The engine rooms of the global economy are among states and provinces most at risk from climate change and extreme weather according to a new ranking of the physical climate risk of every state, province and territory in the world released by XDI (The Cross Dependency Initiative) – a world leader in physical climate risk analysis.

Weather tracker: world braces for sudden stratospheric warming event
There has been keen interest over recent weeks in the much-anticipated sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) event, which only began this week but is now well under way. The SSW phenomenon is linked to the polar vortex, an area of low pressure across the North Pole that forms within the stratosphere during autumn, as temperatures plummet in the absence of solar radiation.

Why did a Turkish City withstand the quake when others crumbled?
Erzin survived last week’s 7.8-magnitude quake with no casualties and little damage. The mayor credited his enforcement of building standards, but scientists say it is more likely about geology.

Words Matter: Stop Using the Phrase ‘Natural Disasters’
A holistic disaster risk management approach starts with a change in the way we refer to disasters. The phrase ‘natural disaster’ is used in the news, in social media, and in everyday conversations to describe extreme events like hurricanes, floods, earthquakes, or volcanoes. But the term is problematic – if not harmful.

 WorldFAIR Project (D13.1) Cultural Heritage Mapping Report: Practices and policies supporting Cultural Heritage image sharing platforms 
The WorldFAIR Project’s Cultural Heritage Work Package (WP13) outlines current practices guiding online digital image sharing by institutions charged with providing care and access to cultural memory, in order to identify how these practices may be adapted to promote and support the FAIR Principles for data sharing.

Sustainable Urbanisation to Enhance Climate Resilience
With the increasing urgency of the climate crisis, it is important to ensure our country is adequately equipped to handle its impacts. This is especially true for the urban lens, which ongoing climate change policy cannot afford to ignore, given that Malaysia is increasingly urbanised. Building resilient cities — cities that can absorb, recover and prepare for climate-related shocks and promote sustainable development — is vital towards creating a climate resilient Malaysia.

Climate Resilience – What can we learn from Pastoral Systems in Africa’s Drylands?
This policy brief aims to draw attention to the lessons pastoral systems offer in the face of climate change. Exploring the key factors enabling and hampering the resilience of pastoral systems to climate change, it shows how the challenge of sustainable and resilient food systems could be tackled under increasingly unpredictable climate conditions.

Building disaster resilience: a study of disaster events and financial lending stream
This report highlights the urgent need to rewire the current financial systems towards (a) de-risking current investments (b) integrating risk reduction into credit allocation and (c) redirecting financial flows towards risk reduction. The report opens with case studies on eight disaster events over the past decade that explore in detail the financial and economic costs of these events.

A data-driven approach to rapidly estimate recovery potential to go beyond building damage after disasters.
This study shifts attention beyond estimating building damage as the main source of information after an earthquake by introducing an approach to rapidly identify the obstacles that lead to the lack of household recovery progress. Following a disaster, crucial decisions about recovery resources often prioritize immediate damage, partly due to a lack of detailed information on who will struggle to recover in the long term.

UN 2023 Water Conference
The UN 2023 Water Conference – formally known as the United Nations Conference on the Midterm Comprehensive Review of the Implementation of the Objectives of the International Decade for Action, “Water for Sustainable Development”, 2018-2028 – will take place at UN Headquarters in New York, 22-24 March 2023, co-hosted by Tajikistan and the Netherlands.

Midterm review of the UN’s disaster prevention framework (2015-2030) 
A midterm review of the UN’s disaster prevention framework by the International Science Council will be launched on 1 March 2023. The report has been produced by the ISC as part of an official midterm review by the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) of the Sendai Framework, which sets out to reduce the human, economic and social cost of disasters.

From Sendai to Doha – Reducing Risk for a Resilient, Productive and Sustainable Future in All LDCs
This event seeks to showcase some of the offers of support from the United Nations system and its partners to address the particular challenges and bottlenecks faced by Least Developed Countries (LDCs) in their implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction with a view to accelerating implementation of the Doha Programme of Action.

Workshop: Systematically identifying, assessing and recommending actions for strengthening community resilience across multiple communities and countries
This session aims to build understanding of factors affecting public health system resilience across multiple communities and countries to COVID-19 pandemic and other emergencies.

Disaster Risk Reduction and Open Data Newsletter: February 2023 Edition

New Article Explores Climate-Related Disasters and Mobility Data
A recent publication outlines how weather events are becoming more dangerous due to climate change, and often lead to communities being displaced temporarily, or even permanently, which can have serious impacts on health

Building fiscal and financial resilience against disasters in Panama
Panama has instituted critical reforms to improve its technical and institutional capacity to manage the disaster risk resulting from natural and health-related hazards. The reforms allowed for a substantial increase in Panama’s capacity for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR); targeted DRR priority actions by relevant ministries and government agencies; and established a stronger and comprehensive set of financial protection policies and instruments to deal with future disasters.

IBM and NASA team up to spur new discoveries about our planet
The goal is tunable, reusable foundation models that make it easier to mine vast datasets for new knowledge to advance science and help us adapt to a changing environment.

 

Blog: Tonga – On the frontline of sea level rise
Sea level rise is a clear and present danger to the Pacific Island nation of Tonga. Since the record-breaking volcanic eruption a year ago, which triggered up to 15m tsunami waves that gutted entire villages, the Government is building higher and higher sea walls to keep the ocean out.

UNDP enhances the capacity of national specialists involved in climate change adaptation planning
Within the framework of the project “Development of the National Adaptation Planning Process (NAP) in Turkmenistan”, implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), with the financial support of the Green Climate Fund (GCF) and in cooperation with the Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection of Turkmenistan, a practical training on the use of hydrological equipment was organized for the specialists of the Hydrometeorological Service at Ministry of Agriculture and Environment Protection of Turkmenistan.

Global Risks Report 2023
The world faces a set of risks that feel both wholly new and eerily familiar. The Global Risks Report 2023 explores some of the most severe risks we may face over the next decade. As we stand on the edge of a low-growth and low-cooperation era, tougher trade-offs risk eroding climate action, human development and future resilience.

 WorldFAIR Project (D6.1) Cross-national Social Sciences survey FAIR implementation case studies
New from the WorldFAIR project, this report provides an overview of the data harmonisation practices of comparative (cross-national) social surveys, through case studies of: (1) the European Social Survey (ESS) and (2) a satellite study, the Australian Social Survey International – European Social Survey (AUSSI-ESS).  To do this, we compare and contrast the practices between the Australian Data Archive and Sikt.no, the organisations responsible for the data management of ESS and AUSSI-ESS.

WorldFAIR and a Festival of Data – Looking back on 2022 and forward to 2023: a report on CODATA activities and achievements
2022 has been another busy and successful year for the CODATA community.  We are very grateful for your committed collaboration and engagement with our mission.  As a global, membership organisation, CODATA depends on the generosity of our funders and collaborators and the often voluntary efforts of committee, Task Group and Working Group members.

Community and impact based warnings: the site specific early warning system framework
This briefing note highlights the importance of impact-based early warning systems (IB-EWS) in closing existing communication gaps by communicating on ‘what the weather will do’, the expected damages and the clear guidelines on what citizens and authorities can do to reduce their risk. Evidently, timely warnings alone do not guarantee that recipients will understand the message and that appropriate anticipatory actions will be performed to reduce their risk.

Case studies in adaptation finance
The objective of this paper is to demonstrate how places and institutions are adapting to climate change and mobilising the finance this requires. It provides a series of case studies, which illustrate how adaptation works and is financed in practice. The publication showcases innovative finance and practicial adaptation solutions, but also highlight pitfalls and structural challenges.

What the future has in store: a new paradigm for water storage
This report unpacks the importance of water storage, recent trends in the availability of storage, and sets forth a new integrated planning framework to guide water managers through a problem-driven and systems-oriented process to understand the options available to them to meet their water security goals and how the different forms of water storage can be part of the solution.

Regional report: Midterm review of the implementation of the Sendai Framework for disaster risk reduction 2015-2030 for Europe and Central Asia The Europe and Central Asia region is affected by natural hazards including floods, earthquakes, droughts, landslides, and wildfires, as well as a range of natech and biological hazards. The report offers a qualitative analysis of achievements and obstacles in risk management to 2022, as well as an assessment of future priorities, based closely in the evidence base of the NVRs produced in the region.

UNSC2023 Side event: Disaster-related statistics strengthening ecosystems enhanced risk governance – 16 February
The growing impact of disasters, associated preventive, preparedness and response measures, and the COP27 decision on establishing a Loss and Damage fund, have all necessitated strengthening of the data ecosystem that underscores decision-making. Mandated by the UN Statistical Commission, the Inter-Agency Expert Group on Disaster-related Statistics (IAEG-DRS) is developing recommendations for a common disaster-related statistical framework for the Commission’s consideration in 2024.

Road to New York- UN 2023 Water Conference – March 2023
United Nations 2023 Water Conference to be held at UN Headquarters in New York from 22-24 March 2023. The Conference will focus on the “Midterm Comprehensive Review of the Implementation of the Objectives of the International Decade for Action, ‘Water for Sustainable Development’, 2018–2028”.

EFDRR Roadmap Action-Oriented Dialogue: “Understanding and communicating existing and future risks: ensuring evidence-based communication
23 February 2023

The aim of the EFDRR Roadmap Action-Oriented Dialogue will examine different experiences and approaches of relevant stakeholders in Europe towards the subject of building societal resilience through effective risk communication, and to develop recommendations for governments and stakeholders to make risk communication more effective.

The WorldFAIR Project’s Cross-Domain Interoperability Framework – March 20 
Workshop organised by the WorldFAIR project as a co-located event to RDA P20 in Gothenburg and Online.

January 2023: Publications in the Data Science Journal

Title: Data Management Plans: Implications for Automated Analyses
Author:Ngoc-Minh Pham , Heather Moulaison-Sandy, Bradley Wade Bishop, Hannah Gunderman
URL: http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2023-002
Title: Making Drone Data FAIR Through a Community-Developed Information Framework
Author: Lindsay Barbieri, Jane Wyngaard, Sarah Swanz, Andrea K. Thomer
URL: http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2023-001

November and December 2022: Publications in the Data Science Journal

Title: RDM in a Decentralised University Ecosystem—A Case Study of the University of Cologne
Author: Constanze Curdt, Jens Dierkes, Sonja Kloppenburg
URL: http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2022-020
Title: Organization IDs in Germany—Results of an Assessment of the Status Quo in 2020
Author: Paul Vierkant , Antonia Schrader, Heinz Pampel
URL: http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2022-019
Title: Data Quality Assurance at Research Data Repositories
Author: Maxi Kindling, Dorothea Strecker
URL: http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2022-018

Disaster Risk Reduction and Open Data Newsletter: January 2023 Edition

 

Losses from climate change: €145 billion in a decade
Climate change drives extreme weather and climate-related events, which in turn lead to economic losses. Such events, including heat waves, floods and storms, have caused over €145 billion in economic losses in the EU over the past decade. Furthermore, the 30-year moving average of climate-related economic losses shows a clear trend, increasing nearly 2% annually over the last decade. These are estimates by the European Environmental Agency, republished by Eurostat.

Three reasons why roads should be a critical part of climate change adaptation in Thailand
Transport has a circular relationship with climate change – it is both greatly impacted by and contributes to climate change. In Thailand, it accounts for the largest consumption of energy at 39.4 peper centoffering great potential for cutting carbon emissions.

Flood hazard and risk maps: A key instrument for flood risk management
Flood risks affect almost 2 billion people worldwide.  Climate change and unplanned urbanization will further increase these risks. The impacts on economies, communities, and people can be far-reaching In 2022, flooding in Pakistan killed more than 1700 people, affected 33 million, and caused damages and economic losses of over US$39 billion. In Nigeria and Australia were also hit by devastating flood events in the same year To better manage these risks and build more resilient communities, detailed and accurate flood hazard and flood risk maps are essential.

The Climate Crisis Disrupts the Education of 40 Million Children Every Year
Worldwide, the climate crisis is impacting the education of 40 million children every year. Globally, 222 million vulnerable girls and boys are impacted by conflict, climate-induced disasters, forced displacement and protracted crises and are needing education support according to Education Cannot Wait, the UN global fund for education in emergencies and protracted crises.

Machine Learning for Disaster Risk Management
To some, artificial intelligence is a mysterious term that sparks thoughts of robots and supercomputers. But the truth is machine learning algorithms and their applications, while potentially mathematically complex, are relatively simple to understand. Here, we explain how the World Bank Group uses machine learning algorithms to collect better data, make more informed decisions, and, ultimately, save lives.

How is Vietnam’s Mekong Delta adapting to a changing climate?
In the floodplains of the upper Mekong Delta in southern Vietnam, the regular seasonal monsoon floods, lasting from late July until November, are replenishing the soil, rejuvenating the river ecosystems, and allowing farmers like Nguyen Van Khen to boost incomes through flood-based agriculture.

COP27: Team Europe steps up support for climate change adaptation and resilience in Africa under Global Gateway
During COP27 in Sharm el-Sheikh, the EU and the African Union announced a new Team Europe Initiative on Climate Change Adaptation and Resilience in Africa as part of the EU-Africa Global Gateway Investment Package. This Team Europe Initiative will bring together existing and new climate change adaptation programmes of over €1 billion and leverage its impact by improved coordination and a reinforced policy dialogue on adaptation between the EU and AU. This includes €60 million for loss and damage from the overall EU contribution.

Trinidad and Tobago adopts UNDRR’s new Risk Information Exchange
Days of continuous rain across the Caribbean state of Trinidad and Tobago this winter have stiffened the resolve of the country’s Office of Disaster Preparedness and Management (ODPM) to launch the new Risk Information Exchange (RiX) developed by UNDRR.

Data and digital maturity for disaster risk reduction: Informing the next generation of disaster loss and damage databases
This report documents the assessment of the status of national disaster loss databases in 13 countries and presents lessons to guide the next generation of disaster loss accounting systems (DLAS).

Natural Disasters Book 2021: An analytical overview
This book is published annually to provide statistical and analytical perspectives on disaster data. ADRC retrieves data from the Emergency Event Database (EM-DAT) to better understand the occurrence, deaths, people affected, and economic losses from disaster events.

Geoglam Crop Monitor for Early Warning Systems: December 2022
The GEOGLAM Crop Monitor for Early Warning (CM4EW) is an international and transparent multi-source, consensus assessment of the crop growing conditions, status, and agro-climatic conditions that are likely to impact global production.

The Coming Storm: Building electricity resilience to extreme weather
This report explores the power system’s resilience as a whole and promotes a proactive approach to climate change adaptation of the power sector. The way out of this major crisis requires decisive action to shift away from imported fossil fuels. Electrification, allowing us to regain our energy independence, must become the norm – and it must go with guarantees on the electricity system’s reliability.

Safeguarding Against Climate Change Impacts
This report attempts to equip urban decision-makers with evidence­based climate information tailored to their specific context, to adequately adapt to and prepare for future climate change impacts. Urban areas are prone to climate change impacts.

Review Global Climate Change Action for Fragile and Developing Countries
The acceleration of climate change is recognized to have negative impacts on development and security.1 The impacts can vary significantly depending on the sector, location, and time period under consideration

NH9.7 Indirect intangible dimensions of natural hazards 23-28 April 
Our societies continuously face risks induced by natural hazards. In today’s intricate socio-technological world, characterized by strong urbanization and technological trends, the connections and interdependencies between exposed elements are crucial. Understanding systemic damage relationships requires the assessment of indirect and intangible dimensions of risk.

USAID/BHA & WMO Workshop – Development of MHEWS Action Plan
The USAID/BHA & World Meteorological Foundation Workshop takes place in San José, Costa Rica. The four day event will cover the development of ‘The International Network for Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems action plan’. Click the title for more information via the WMO.

Disaster Risk Reduction and Open Data Newsletter: November 2022 Edition

Achieving the Impossible
During the heroic age of polar exploration at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th, both the North and South Poles were attained by expeditions mustering dozens of specialists, the latest technological advancements, and the support of nation-states and major corporations. Achieving these feats required previously unimaginable levels of perseverance and cooperation.

Analysis: Africa’s unreported extreme weather in 2022 and climate change
From deadly floods in Nigeria to devastating drought in Somalia, Africa has faced a run of severe – and sometimes unprecedented – extreme weather events since the start of 2022.

WFP launches initiative to bolster people’s resilience to food shocks in Southern Madagascar
ANTANANARIVO – The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) has launched the Anticipatory Action system as part of efforts to bolster smallholder farmers’ ability to withstand shocks as the country approaches the lean season with up to 1.9 million people estimated to suffer from acute hunger, according to the latest Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC).

How to co-design a flood early warning system (FEWS) for West Africa
The great West African drought that started in the 1970s was undoubtedly a turning point in the region’s environmental discourse. It is well recognised as one of the most significant climate-driven disasters in recent history. The event was the onset of an era of rainfall uncertainty and variability, driving recurring floods and droughts across the region.

Machine Learning for Disaster Risk Management
To some, artificial intelligence is a mysterious term that sparks thoughts of robots and supercomputers. But the truth is machine learning algorithms and their applications, while potentially mathematically complex, are relatively simple to understand. Here, we explain how the World Bank Group uses machine learning algorithms to collect better data, make more informed decisions, and, ultimately, save lives.

As water-related disasters mount, experts call for more warning tech
With natural disasters becoming more frequent, further development and disbursement of risk assessment tools and early warning technologies are necessary to mitigate the damage they cause, a leading Japanese researcher on disaster risk reduction has said.

Food for thought: Climate change risk and food (in)security in Tuvalu
Climate change presents a considerable threat to food security of low-lying atoll nations in the Pacific including Tuvalu. It is projected to heavily impact agricultural and fishery sectors in Tuvalu, threatening food chains and the ability of Tuvaluans to produce and access safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary and cultural needs.

Global status of multi-hazard early warning systems: Target G
This UNDRR-WMO joint report assesses the current global status of multi-hazard early warning systems (MHEWS) against Target G of the Sendai Framework, collating data officially reported by the Member States with data collected through a WMO survey.

Practical actions approach in Disseminating Localised flood early warning in Bangladesh
An effective Early Warning System ensures that accurate, reliable, actionable, and understandable information reaches those who need it in a timely manner. Practical Action takes a comprehensive and people-centered approach to ensure that timely, accurate, and understandable information reaches the most vulnerable.

ASEAN Framework on Anticipatory Action in Disaster Management
The ASEAN Framework on Anticipatory Action in Disaster Management provides guidance for defining and contextualising anticipatory action at the regional level with some considerations for its implementation by Members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). This Framework outlines three building blocks of anticipatory action and proposes a Plan of Action for 2021–2025 with the primary aim to streamline anticipatory action in disaster risk management (DRM) through joint regional efforts.

Science, Technology, Innovation and Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
Science and technology have been contributing to the advancement of disaster risk reduction approaches and saving people’s lives and properties. However, its nature, role and usage have changed over time. Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) had focused on the increasing use of science and technology, not only by scientists but all different stakeholders from governments to non-government organizations and private sectors.

Good Practices for adaptation action research
For climate change adaptation to be effective, it needs to be context-specific and driven by both social and environmental considerations. Adaptation must also be based on the ever-evolving field of climate change science, and able to incorporate new research and knowledge continually throughout the adaptation process.

COP27 6-18 November 
The hosting of COP27 in the green city of Sharm El-Sheikh this year marks the 30th anniversary of the adoption of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. In the thirty years since, the world has come a long way in the fight against climate change and its negative impacts on our planet; we are now able to better understand the science behind climate change, better assess its impacts, and better develop tools to address its causes and consequences.

Australian Vocabulary Symposium 2022, running in Canberra and online (internationally) on 14-15 November, 2022.
This symposium brings together users, creators and publishers of vocabularies across multiple domains and sectors in Australia. Delegates will share current experiences and future requirements as we collectively move towards a state of FAIR vocabularies that underpin cross-domain data reuse.

World Tsunami Awareness Day 2022 in Asia-Pacific: Early Warning and Early Action Before Every Tsunami
By the year 2030, an estimated 50 percent of the world’s population will live in coastal areas exposed to flooding, storms, and tsunamis (UNESCO-IOC, 2021). Scaling up regional support to developing countries will help ensure that 100% of communities at risk of tsunami are prepared for and resilient to tsunamis by 2030.

Understanding Risk Global Forum (UR22)
The Understanding Risk Global Forum (UR22) will be a hybrid event with the main location in Florianopolis, Brazil. Satellite events are taking place in London (UK), Wellington (New Zealand) and Niamey (Niger). The location offers an exceptional opportunity for the world to learn from Brazil and vice versa and strengthen the sustainable development agenda, moving from understanding risk to action on disaster resilience

6th DRMKC Annual Seminar
This 2-day event aims to share the achievements of the Union Civil Protection Knowledge Network (UCPKN) Science Pillar in addressing challenges such as compound, concurrent and cascade events which need to be included in risk analysis or the communication challenges in risk management, among others.

 

Technical Expert Forum 2022: Tracking of hazardous events and disaster losses and damages
The global community has been working on standardizing national information on losses and damages to better understand risk, and how these components change over time. Traditionally, the recording of disaster losses and damages starts at the impact level by the national disaster (risk) management offices (NDMOs) in terms of human and economic losses, often based on assessments by local authorities and humanitarian partners.

4th Workshop under the Glasgow-Sharm el-Sheikh Work Programme on the Global Goal on Adaptation
The workshop is organized pursuant to decision 7/CMA.3, by which the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA) agreed on the modalities and procedures of the work programme and decided that eight workshops would be conducted during 2022 and 2023.

 

COP27 EU Side Event: Data and systems for understanding and acting on current and future risks
This 1-hour event organized by DRMKC will be focused on building the evidence base to inform future action on disaster risks. Together with amazing guest panellists from the Joint Research Centre, the European Central Bank, ESPON ,TECNALIA, UN OCHA and DG ECHO, we will discuss

September and October 2022: Publications in the Data Science Journal

Title: A Survey on Publicly Available Open Datasets Derived From Electronic Health Records (EHRs) of Patients with Neuroblastoma
Author:Davide Chicco, Gabriel Cerono, Davide Cangelosi
URL: http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2022-017
Title: KadiStudio: FAIR Modelling of Scientific Research Processes
Author: Lars Griem, Philipp Zschumme, Matthieu Laqua, Nico Brandt, Ephraim Schoof, Patrick Altschuh, Michael Selzer
URL: http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2022-016

Disaster Risk Reduction and Open Data Newsletter: October 2022 Edition

 

Why climate-change ‘loss and damage’ will be a hot topic at COP27
As large parts of the planet struggle with climate-inflicted woes, from floods in Pakistan to forest fires in the United States, the thorny issue of how to address “loss and damage” driven by global warming has risen up the political agenda. Nine years ago, U.N. climate negotiators agreed to set up a formal mechanism to tackle loss and damage – but little concrete has emerged, beyond a donor-backed effort to boost insurance against weather disasters in developing countries.

What does community-led climate work look like?
On stormy days—and sunny days too—residents of Jacksonville, Florida watch water filling the streets, rising up to stop signs, and spilling onto front stoops and into parked cars. As a result, annual flooding damage currently costs homeowners and insurance companies $20 million per year nationally, with economic losses concentrated in Florida and California.

Effective Communication Of Disaster Warnings Saving Lives In Fiji
Communication is key – especially when you are in the business of saving lives. During their Ignite session on the second day of the Asia-Pacific Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in Brisbane, Australia, the FMS presented on disaster risk communication and effective information sharing, in order to give people a better understanding of the importance of effective communication of warnings and understanding user needs.

Beavers can help mitigate the effects of climate change. But how significant is their impact?
The beaver is a unique ecosystem engineer that can create a landscape that would otherwise not exist, thanks to the animal’s ability to build dams. As we experience more frequent heatwaves and drought, the potential role of beavers in safeguarding against these risks has captured widespread attention.

Hurricane Ian capped 2 weeks of extreme storms around the globe: Here’s what’s known about how climate change fuels tropical cyclones
When Hurricane Ian hit Florida, it was one of the United States’ most powerful hurricanes on record, and it followed a two-week string of massive, devastating storms around the world. A few days earlier in the Philippines, Typhoon Noru gave new meaning to rapid intensification when it blew up from a tropical storm with 50 mph winds to a Category 5 monster with 155 mph winds the next day. Hurricane Fiona flooded Puerto Rico, then became Canada’s most intense storm on record. Typhoon Merbok gained strength over a warm Pacific Ocean and tore up over 1,000 miles of the Alaska coast.

Life-Saving Landslide Risk Communication in Puerto Rico
Hurricane Fiona brought wind and heavy rain to Puerto Rico on September 18, triggering hundreds of new landslides. In the mountain community of Naguabo on the east side of the island, a hillside collapsed, burying homes and cars. But residents and emergency workers were able to evacuate just in time before the debris flow occurred.

How to communicate risk when it feels like no one is listening
With climate change providing uncertainty, raising the importance of risk communication is critical when mapping out effective long-term climate responses. As our understanding of natural hazards and climate risk improves, how do we enable individual decision-makers to be best informed? In this paper, challenges and opportunities were identified for harnessing risk-informed data for disaster and climate resilience.

Harnessing risk-informed data for disaster and climate resilience
Disaster and climate risks result from a complex interaction between hazard, exposure, and vulnerability in a broad context defined by socioeconomic, political, and ecological factors. To better understand the risk and manage it more effectively, we need to collect, store, analyse, and use risk-informed data. We identified challenges and opportunities for harnessing risk-informed data for disaster and climate resilience.

The 2022 Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Implementation plan
This is the latest in a series of implementation plans produced by the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) programme since its inception in 1992. It provides a set of high priority actions which if undertaken will improve global observations of the climate system and our understanding of how it is changing.

2021 Progress report on the implementation of the UN plan of action on disaster risk reduction for resilience
This 2021 UN Plan of Action Progress Report presents the summary of progress with regard to the three Commitments of the UN Plan of Action, based on the Results Framework, as reported by UN organizations for the year 2021.

Extreme Weather and social connectedness community study- helping communities prepare for extreme weather events
This research project investigates and develops interventions to bolster social connectedness in Boston-area communities most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. It aims to address questions including: How “socially-connected” do people feel within these vulnerable communities? What factors or mechanisms serve to strengthen (or weaken) social connectedness?

Strengthening Risk Analysis for Humanitarian Planning
This guidance details a step-by-step approach tailored to the Humanitarian Programme Cycle and development agenda to ensure it is based on comprehensive and robust forward thinking. It is aimed especially at facilitators involved in strategic planning, to prepare and facilitate joint analysis workshops taking place during the development of Humanitarian Needs Overviews using the Joint Intersectoral Analysis Framework (JIAF).

 

FAIR Convergence Symposium, 24 – 26 October in Leiden and Online: Programme and Registration
The 2nd FAIR Convergence Symposium is organised by CODATA and GO FAIR on 24 – 26 October 2022 in Leiden, The Netherlands, as part of the Week Focused on FAIR.  This years’ edition will concentrate on smaller, high-priority, strategic and working meetings to encourage convergence on and implementation of FAIR. The meetings are being organised as hybrid events, allowing for both in-person and online participation.

International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction – 13 October  
The primary goal of disaster risk reduction is prevention. But when that is not possible, then it is important to minimize the harm to people, assets and livelihoods through early warning systems.

Data Interoperability in China: practice and challenges (A GOSC DataIO Webinar) – 10 October 2022
The Chinese Academy of Sciences, the highest academic institution of natural sciences in China, started the exploration of sharing of scientific data in 1986, and continues to this day.

Short Course on Making Cities Resilient- 25 – 26 October 2022
Presented by Dr Jorge Diaz, this workshop will consider new insights from lessons learnt in the aftermath of disasters and its relation to building resilience (2000-2020). Case-Studies include; Chile, Peru, Mexico, Haiti, and Japan. Dr. Diaz has been involved in most of these events during the response, recovery, mitigation and preparedness stages.

First European conference on community disaster preparedness- 27 October
European Investment Bank Institute (EIB), in collaboration with the Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre, Luxembourg.

Humans of Data 036

“I’m a librarian and I do feel part of a data community – the library sector is such a strong community, there’s a real sense of identity and belonging. When I travel to CODATA and RDA events I feel like I’m meeting colleagues and friends from across the world, building little data bridges around the globe.”